Legislation

Programming period 2021-2027

The Cohesion policy legislative package 2021-2027 comprises the following Regulations:

The approval of the CPR also establishes key elements for the functioning of the new Just Transition Fund (JTF) Regulation, which completes the set of Cohesion policy funds available for 2021-2027.

The new Common Provisions Regulation lays down the common provisions applicable to:

  • the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF);
  • the European Social Fund Plus (ESF+);
  • the Cohesion Fund (CF);
  • the Just Transition Fund (JTF);
  • the European Maritime, Fisheries and Aquaculture Fund (EMFAF).

The financial rules for the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF), the Internal Security Fund (ISF) and the Instrument for Financial Support for Border Management and Visa Policy (BMVI) are also outlined in the Regulation.

The European Regional Development Fund and Cohesion Fund Regulation sets specific provisions for the European Regional Development Fund (EUR 226 billion) and the Cohesion Fund (EUR 48 billion). The ERDF will contribute to strengthen economic and social cohesion in the European Union by correcting imbalances between its regions, while delivering on the Union's political priorities through a thematic concentration of resources. The CF will support projects in the field of environment and trans-European networks in the area of transport infrastructure.

The European Social Fund Plus is the EU's main fund for investing in people. It will be the key financial instrument to implement the European Pillar of Social Rights, to support jobs and create a fair and socially inclusive society. It will also provide much needed resources to Member States for the recovery of our societies and economies after the coronavirus crisis. With a budget of EUR 99.3 billion (in current prices) for 2021-2027, Member States can use the money to create and protect job opportunities, promote social inclusion, fight poverty, including by combatting homelessness, and give workers the skills needed for the digital and green transition. It also includes an ambitious requirement for Member States to invest in young people and address child poverty.

The Just Transition Fund is a new Cohesion policy fund with an overall budget of EUR 19.2 billion (in current prices). The JTF is a key element of the European Green Deal and the first pillar of the Just Transition Mechanism (JTM). It aims to alleviate the social and economic costs resulting from the transition towards a climate-neutral economy, through a wide range of activities directed mainly at diversifying the economic activity and helping people adapt in a changing labour market. The Public Sector Loan Facility is the third pillar of the JTM, leveraging the EU budget to provide access to additional financing. The Facility specifically targets public entities, creating preferential lending conditions for projects that do not generate sufficient revenue to be financially viable.

“Cohesion combines the strategy, the financial muscle and the method for Europe to recover in a fair and territorially balanced manner and orient regional economies towards future proof growth based on the twin digital and green transitions. The adoption of this set of legislation paves the way for the approval of programming documents and the effective take up of projects on the ground. Now we need to focus on implementation in a way that provides the best possible support to regional and local authorities, citizens and companies.” Elisa Ferreira, Commissioner for Cohesion and Reforms

“Cohesion funds are an integral part of the EU's toolkit to support Member States in building a stronger, more inclusive Europe. The European Social Fund Plus invests in people. It helps workers to re-skill and up-skill, to be ready for the transition to a green and digital economy. It protects the most vulnerable in our society, such as children in need and homeless people. And it gives a boost to entrepreneurs and innovators in need of financial support.” Nicolas Schmit, Commissioner for Jobs and Social Rights

Programming period 2014-2020

Primary legislation for ESIF financial instruments

Common provisions regulation (CPR)

Regulation (EU) No 1303/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 laying down common provisions on the European Regional Development Fund, the European Social Fund, the Cohesion Fund, the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development and the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund and laying down general provisions on the European Regional Development Fund, the European Social Fund, the Cohesion Fund and the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 1083/2006

Full text of the regulation on Eur-Lex

Amended by: Regulation (EU) 2015/1839 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 October 2015 amending Regulation (EU) No 1303/2013 as regards specific measures for Greece (OJ L 270, 15.10.2015, p. 1)

See also additional declarations published in the Official Journal.

Secondary legislation for ESIF financial instruments

ERDF Regulation

Regulation (EU) No 1301/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 on the European Regional Development Fund and on specific provisions concerning the Investment for growth and jobs goal and repealing Regulation (EC) No 1080/2006

Full text of the regulation on Eur-Lex

See also additional declarations published in the Official Journal.

ESF Regulation

Regulation (EU) No 1304/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 on the European Social Fund and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 1081/2006

Full text of the regulation on Eur-Lex

Cohesion Fund Regulation

Council Regulation (EU) No 1300/2013 of 17 December 2013 on the Cohesion Fund and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 1084/2006

Full text of the regulation on Eur-Lex

EAFRD Regulation

Regulation (EU) No 1305/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 on support for rural development by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 1698/2005

Full text of the regulation on Eur-Lex

EMFF Regulation

Regulation (EU) No 508/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of of 15 May 2014 on the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund and repealing Council Regulations (EC) No 2328/2003, (EC) No 861/2006, (EC) No 1198/2006 and (EC) No 791/2007 and Regulation (EU) No 1255/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council

Full text of the regulation on Eur-Lex

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