The European Regional Development Fund / Cohesion Fund

European Regional Development Fund

The European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), one of the European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF), contributes to smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as aims to reinforce economic, social and territorial cohesion in EU regions and cities.

For 2014-2020, the ERDF has an overall budget of almost EUR 200 billion to support economic growth, create additional jobs and reduce regional disparities.

The ERDF support can be provided through grants and, increasingly, through financial instruments.

For the 2014-2020 programming period, the amount of the European Regional Development Fund and Cohesion Fund channelled through financial instruments is almost EUR 18 billion (i.e. 7.2% of the overall allocation), which already exceeds the amount invested via such instruments in the 2007-2013 period (EUR 11.3 billion). Most of the instruments target investments in SMEs (60%), research, development and innovation (16%) and the low-carbon economy (14%).

Financial instruments can contribute to the achievement of a broad set of ERDF investment priorities, for instance:

  • Promoting business investment in Research & Innovation;
  • Extending broadband deployment and the roll-out of high-speed networks and developing Information and Communication Technology (ICT) products, services and e-commerce;
  • Supporting the capacity of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to grow and to engage in innovation processes, including developing new business models;
  • Promoting the production and distribution of renewable energy, of energy efficiency and renewable energy in enterprises, in public infrastructure and housing;
  • Investments for adaptation to climate change;
  • Investing in the waste and water sectors;
  • Improving the urban environment, including regeneration of brownfield sites;
  • Supporting industrial transition towards a low-carbon economy; and
  • Supporting multimodal and environmentally-friendly transport and regional mobility.

Financial instruments co-funded by the ERDF can therefore be used to support a wide range of projects, from public infrastructure or productive investment projects, to support for households to improve the energy efficiency performance of their homes.

For further information, please consult the fi-compass factsheet on ERDF financial instruments.

Cohesion Fund

The CF encourages investments in priority trans-European transport networks and investments related to energy or transport that benefit the environment in terms of energy efficiency, use of renewable energy, developing transport and supporting intermodal transport.

The CF has an overall budget of EUR 63 billion for 2014-2020. This support is provided to Member States whose Gross National Income per inhabitant is less than 90 % of the EU average. For the 2014-2020 period, the CF is available in Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Greece, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia.

For further information, please consult the fi-compass factsheet on CF financial instruments.

Information from fi-compass for ERDF financial instruments

On this website, ERDF stakeholders can find a lot of useful and interesting information to improve their decision-making about financial instruments.

For example:

Publications featuring a range of advice about different financial instrument products, as well as the steps involved in developing an action plan along four logical phases of a financial instrument’s life cycle.

Videos, such as a short film explaining the ex-ante assessment process for ESIF financial instruments, provide a quick overview on how managing authorities can efficiently understand the investment needs in their area.

ERDF case study material in the website's library contains information describing instruments supporting SMEs, climate action, and urban developments as well as other ERDF loans (including microfinance), equity and guarantees.

Advice and information on the website from speakers at fi-compass events offer further ways to learn from others' experiences about ERDF financial instruments in practice.

The website's news articles also feature ERDF-related reviews of relevant regulatory updates as well as new information from active ERDF financial instruments.